The end of ambiguity about Pyongyang's nuclear capacity raises fundamental questions affecting China, the United States, and the future of international non-proliferation strategy. Indirectly, these consequences could actually work to the advantage of the West in its attempts to prevent Iran 'going nuclear'.
The UN Security Council is certain to impose sanctions on North Korea. But, since these are likely to involve – at least initially – just cutting off trade and diplomatic contacts, no significant impact is expected.
This Whitehall Paper brings together wide-ranging perspectives on the post-ABM Treaty missile defence debate: the policies in the UK, US, EU, NATO, Japan and Taiwan, among others, and the scientific, technological and industrial issues that accompany the debate.