The regional strategic context stands in contrast to 2008-09. The government in Cairo is now much more sensitive to popular sentiment, which has been inflamed by the violence. Egypt’s reaction to the conflict will be of keen interest to regional observers.
The latest attempt to unite Syria’s opposition, with US and Qatari support, has led to the creation of a new Syrian coalition. To succeed, they need the buy-in of as many Syrian stakeholders as possible, as well as a concrete mechanism for governing the country and bringing the civil war to an end.