For all the Sturm und Drang over the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran, neither side has answered the crucial question the Trump administration faces if it abrogates the deal: ‘And then what?’
Irregular migration, a concept that encompasses a wide range of activities, including people smuggling and human trafficking, has become big business for organised crime networks. The UN estimates that human trafficking alone is the third most profitable crime, after drug and arms trafficking.
A year has passed since the permanent five members of the UN Security Council plus Germany (the P5+1) reached agreement with Iran on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the deal under which Iran would limit its nuclear ambitions in return for the relief of economic sanctions. Implementation, while broadly positive, has already encountered technical, procedural and political challenges...
The Financial Action Task Force, the inter-governmental standards authority on legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering and terrorist financing, agreed recently to suspend financial crime counter-measures against Iran for 12 months. Though well-intended, it reflects muddled thinking.