Guide to Conducting a National Proliferation Financing Risk Assessment

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Countering the financial flows available to state and non-state proliferators plays an important role in wider efforts to counter the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Understanding proliferation financing risks improves jurisdictions' awareness of this illicit activity and strengthens their ability to respond. This guide offers information and guidance for conducting a proliferation financing national risk assessment.

This guide aims to assist governments in conducting a national risk assessment on proliferation financing (PF). It will help them to understand their exposure to PF risks, implement financial provisions of proliferation-related UN Security Council resolutions, and achieve effective implementation of the Financial Action Task Force’s (FATF) recommendations on proliferation finance. It includes the RUSI Proliferation Financing Rapid Risk Assessment Tool, a spreadsheet-based tool developed by Anagha Joshi for conducting national risk assessments.

This risk assessment guide is a resource for jurisdictions to adapt to their own national priorities and processes. Not every aspect of the guide will be relevant to all jurisdictions.

Jurisdictions that have not previously considered PF as a national financial crime risk distinct from money laundering or terrorist financing will be able to use the guide and the RUSI Proliferation Financing Rapid Risk Assessment Tool to carry out a risk assessment for the first time. Jurisdictions that have already conducted a national risk assessment on PF can make use of this narrative discussion to adapt their existing methodologies and frameworks.

This guide is a key resource used by RUSI staff to support jurisdictions in carrying out national risk assessments on PF. RUSI can provide further assistance on risk assessments through:

  • Awareness-raising of PF risks among government and the private sector.
  • Support for conducting a rapid risk assessment using RUSI tools.
  • Support for developing or adapting a tailored risk-assessment methodology.
  • Support and input during a risk-assessment process and development of a final report.
Guide to Conducting a National Proliferation Financing Risk Assessment - Mandarin translation

An unofficial version of this paper has been translated into Mandarin and is available on the Government of Taiwan's website. RUSI did not conduct or verify this translation and is not responsible for the content or its use.


Anagha Joshi

Associate Fellow; Independent Consultant

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Emil Dall

Associate Fellow; Former CFCS Senior Research Fellow, RUSI

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Darya Dolzikova​

Research Fellow

Proliferation and Nuclear Policy

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