War in Ukraine
While the Russians have their own problems at the tactical level, they also have more firepower than the Ukrainians. Quantity and mass are making up for some of the extreme deficiencies in quality. Out of sheer necessity, Moscow is pouring more resources into its defense industrial base with an emphasis on churning out munitions for a long war of attrition. One can't say the same for the other side, which means the Ukrainian army will likely be forced to conserve ammunition instead of firing as liberally as it has. "Sufficient ammunition to sustain this rate of fire is not going to be forthcoming as NATO stockpiles deplete, and production rates for ammunition remain too low to meet this level of demand," Jack Watling of the Royal United Services Institute wrote last month.