Slow progress: Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev and Armenian President Nikol Pashinyan attend talks in Moscow in May 2023. Image: President.az / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY 4.0
After two wars and over 30 years of military hostility, an end to the confrontation between Azerbaijan and Armenia over the region of Nagorno-Karabakh appears within reach, but a return to violence remains a real possibility unless the final obstacles can be overcome.
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Dr Neil Melvin
Director, International Security