RUSI JournalVolume 160Issue 3members only

Operation Baltic Fortress, 2016: NATO Defends the Baltic States

Russia’s recent actions in Ukraine call for an analysis of the potential future scenarios that NATO and its member states should prepare for – especially in the Baltics

The Russian intervention in Ukraine can be seen not as an isolated incident, but as part of a larger strategy aimed at re-establishing Russian control and influence over its near abroad – a sphere of influence severely diminished with the fall of the Berlin Wall. Building on its success in Georgia, the Russian Federation moved aggressively in 2014 to seize Crimea and destabilise eastern Ukraine. In each case, Russia leveraged ethnic Russian populations to encourage separatist

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