The evacuation of non-combatants is often the operation of first resort when foreign crises erupt, as in Libya in 2011.
Non-combatant evacuation operations are an often unacknowledged yet important activity performed by the military, in often difficult circumstances that require effective multinational co-operation. Michael Codner highlights the general features that characterise this type of operation, an example of which - Operation Deference, Libya 2011 - is examined in detail by Craig Sutherland in the following article.
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Senior Associate Fellow for Military History