RUSI JournalVolume 161Issue 3members only

Access for Allies? NATO, Russia and the Baltics

NATO is in an unenviable position as it tries to reassure its Baltic members facing Russian aggression without provoking the Kremlin

One of the most important debates currently underway within NATO focuses on the extent to which the Alliance should have a forward presence of Allied combat forces in the exposed Baltic States. Limited-presence arrangements are likely to fall short of their deterrent purpose if they fail to account for Russia’s growing ability to threaten NATO’s operational access to the Baltics. Martin Zapfe and Michael Carl Haas argue that any NATO strategy of assured access would fac

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