Gender in Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism

A review of approaches to gender mainstreaming in preventing and countering violent extremism (P/CVE) programming and recommendations for their improvement.

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There has been an increase of attention to the need for inclusion of women in peace and security processes since the passing of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 in 2000 and its introduction of the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda. Donors, including the European Commission (EC), have been working over the last two decades to improve their WPS policy approaches and more recently their focus on gender-mainstreaming across P/CVE platforms.

The outputs from this project highlight some practical challenges for implementation of high-level policy into on-the-ground programming and recommendations for meaningful gender-mainstreaming in the design, implementation and evaluation of P/CVE programming. Examining lessons learned from past programming helps to inform current policy conversations and improve P/CVE moving forward.

incamerastock / Alamy Stock Photo

Project outputs

As part of this project, a thought piece, published in October 2020, analysed the literature and the STRIVE HoA P/CVE programme to assess approaches to the inclusion of gender, and made recommendations for the improvement of gender mainstreaming strategies.

Report: Gender in Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism: Meaningful Inclusion of Policy in Practice


The report outlines the following set of recommendations intended to help improve approaches to including gender in CVE programming and to advise how to help close the gap between policy level commitments and on-the-ground implementation:

  • A gender-responsive approach needs to be taken in all P/CVE program design, implementation and evaluation. 
  • Gender analysis should be included in P/CVE programme monitoring and evaluation frameworks.
  • P/CVE programming must be supported comprehensively.
  • Empowerment of women is not enough, equality is key.
  • Gender essentialisms hinder the outcomes of P/CVE programming.
  • Youth should not be considered as gender-neutral.


  • Funded by the European Union

    This project is part of CT MORSE and is funded by the European Union as an initiative contributing to peace and stability.

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