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Chadian peacekeepers serving with MINUSMA on patrol in northern Mali, November 2013.

Friction and Inequality among Peacekeepers in Mali

Signe Cold-Ravnkilde, Peter Albrecht and Rikke Haugegaard
RUSI Journal, 31 May 2017
United Nations, Military Personnel, Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding, Africa
European and African peacekeepers have been deployed in very different roles in the international operation in Mali.

The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) was established in 2013 to support Mali’s peace process. It represents an emerging practice of deploying UN peacekeeping missions in asymmetrical conflict environments where there is no peace to keep. While MINUSMA represents Europe’s return to peacekeeping, the largest troop contributors by a wide margin are African countries. Through exploring the task of securing mission convoys to the northern regions of the country, Signe Cold-Ravnkilde, Peter Albrecht and Rikke Haugegaard show how inequalities between European and African soldiers shape the distribution of death, danger and supplies in what has been named the world’s deadliest UN mission.

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