The events before the Falklands War in 1982 and the Iraq War in 2003 illustrate the importance of high-quality military advice to civilian leaders.
The military in Britain’s governing system advises but does not decide on matters of war and peace, the size and composition of the military establishment and the overall resources available for defence. Politicians must decide, but must be guided by the highest quality military advice. Lawrence Freedman discusses the failures and successes of the military advice given and acted upon before the Falklands War of 1982 and the Iraq War of 2003.
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