Main Image Credit Zoonar GmbH / Alamy Stock Photo | Offshore wind farm
The growth of net zero industries has triggered debates about how to protect supply chains for critical technologies required for decarbonisation. At the same time, the coronavirus pandemic and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine have pushed traditional energy security questions to the top of the political agenda. As the energy transition progresses and the importance of net zero technological grows at the expense of fossil fuels, how will the dynamics of UK national security be affected?
This project examines these questions, starting with questions around how net zero technologies are impacting UK reliance on fossil fuels and the implications for geopolitics and domestic energy sector resilience. It will then move on to new security challenges brought on by increased use of net zero technologies, in particular supply chain security – including risks around critical minerals supply and the role of China. The impact of decarbonisation on risks associated with the steel industry in the UK are also considered.
UK National Security and the Net Zero Transition - 3 October 2023
A one-day conference exploring the many challenges we face across energy and related mining and industrial supply chains, and examining how these are redefining both the global geopolitical environment and energy security strategies
Research Fellow for Energy Security
Director, Cyber Research
Research Fellow, Russian and Eurasian Security
Dr Tobias Borck
Senior Research Fellow, Middle East Security
Organised Crime and Policing
Organised Crime and Policing
Aims and objectives
The UK is facing a historic national security challenge around its energy security and supporting infrastructure as a result of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, combined with the stark need to reach its net zero goals and switch to cleaner sources of energy. Within this context, the core objectives of this research project are to:
- Engage the public and policymakers in a discussion about the national security implications of the net zero transition.
- Increase the knowledge base on the UK's transition to net zero through thought leadership and expert analysis.
- Understand the existing synergy between net zero and national security, and how this relates to solutions in policymaking.
This research project seeks to contribute to future UK energy security policy, and to enhance knowledge in the relatively understudied area of net zero and national security.
We will publish five research papers and produce several video and written commentaries. We will also be recording a 10-part podcast series on Securing Net Zero, which will cover energy and technology dependencies, geopolitics and the social and environmental impact of the net zero transition.
European Climate Foundation
The research is funded by the European Climate Foundation, who are an independent organisation that fund research and analysis into climate change issues.Find out more