Main Image Credit Sundry Photography / Alamy Stock Photo - Participant to the Women's March event holds a sign stating 'Stop Misogyny'
Comparing the current threat of far-right extremism in the UK and Australia, this project seeks to examine the role of online channels in amplifying gender ideology and misogyny across transnational networks on three levels:
- misogynistic views and hostile/sexist beliefs held and espoused at the individual level;
- in-group dynamics, with particularly focus on how women and men are positioned within the group itself and their roles
- the general politicised ideologies that frame both the beliefs and roles, offering a “sense of meaning” that shapes participation.
This project will also examine the intersection points of how these dynamics manifest in the offline space, with specific concern as to whether there are offline sites that reinforce gender identity and ideology which in turn justify both violence and hostile beliefs.
The research is funded by the Centre for Research and Evidence on Security Threats (CREST).
Director, Terrorism and Conflict
Terrorism and Conflict
Dr Jessica White
Senior Research Fellow
Terrorism and Conflict
Professor Jacqui True, Monash University
Dr Alexandra Phelan, Monash University
Aims and objectives
This project aims to advance academic understanding of gender and extremist narratives and how they fuel transnational violent extremism through online/offline communication and networks.
Recent years have seen an increase in the body of research on the social construction of both masculine and feminine gender identities in international politics. The project aims to contribute to remaining gaps in understanding of how gender identity and ideology are connected to extremism and terrorism. The objective is to help policymakers and programme designers involved in countering extremism and terrorism understand how to better account for gendered identity and ideology in countering these threats.
The project also seeks to identify how and where the transferability of gendered ideologies challenges policy and programming at national levels. This is a very timely discussion in the current global environment where increased levels of political polarisation and the pandemic environment have fuelled transnational extremism, especially on the far right. It is therefore important to increase understanding of how to operate both online and offline programming to better counter the transnational sources of extremist threats, which often cross these mediums very effectively.
The research findings will contribute to discussion and policy formation regarding the prevention and the countering of violent extremism, especially the development and reform of existing risk assessment tools using lessons learned from the UK and Australian cases.