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As the EU–Turkey deal comes into effect, the likely result will be the emergence of new migratory routes, or the reactivation of older ones, such as the West African Route, which connects various countries to the Spanish Canary Islands.
Whilst Russia and NATO argue about whether the Su-24 shot down did violate Turkish airspace, Russia has established form conducting such incursions.
A clash between Turkey and Russia was perhaps inevitable. It is now important to make sure this crisis does not escalate or undermine Syria’s embryonic peace process.
Jonathan Eyal reviews The Southern Flank of NATO, 1951–1959: Military Strategy of Political Stabilization, by Dionysios Chourchoulis
The inability of the AKP to win an outright majority is a personal failure for President Recep Erdogan. Yet, Turkey’s future rests in large part on the Turkish president’s next move.
Even without the challenge posed by Daesh, the Kurds of Iraq face a bumpy road ahead this summer with unresolved internal challenges within the Kurdish region itself.