As Turkey has progressively increased its involvement in the war in Syria, the Iranian leadership’s reaction has been mixed – a result of the different views within Tehran about the future direction of the relationship with Turkey. This internal debate will intensify as the possibility of establishing no-fly zones in Syria has been endorsed by the US.
The coup in Turkey failed because the plotters had no communications strategy and unclear political objectives. While another military coup seems unlikely, if President Erdogan wants to keep support internally and internationally he needs to restrict the retribution against the armed forces.
A dramatic attempt by parts of Turkey’s armed forces to wrest control of the democratically elected government ended in failure after little more than a few hours. But Turkey’s biggest political challenges are only beginning.
As the EU–Turkey deal comes into effect, the likely result will be the emergence of new migratory routes, or the reactivation of older ones, such as the West African Route, which connects various countries to the Spanish Canary Islands.