A dramatic attempt by parts of Turkey’s armed forces to wrest control of the democratically elected government ended in failure after little more than a few hours. But Turkey’s biggest political challenges are only beginning.
As the EU–Turkey deal comes into effect, the likely result will be the emergence of new migratory routes, or the reactivation of older ones, such as the West African Route, which connects various countries to the Spanish Canary Islands.
The latest military agreement between Qatar and Turkey has been a long-time in the making. It is also an expression of dated defence thinking in Gulf states that looks to military purchases and agreements with foreign powers rather than sustainable capacity building.
In cancelling South Stream in exchange for a deal with Turkey, Russia is attempting to maintain the economic benefits of a share of the European gas market whilst steering clear of the sticky political issues that accompany it.