Berlin and Ankara are looking to tone down the rhetoric of their disputes. However, the bilateral relationship, the most important one Turkey has with any European country, is likely to remain troublesome.
Ankara is using its military presence in northern Syria to prevent Kurdish independence and have more of a say in a post-Assad future of the country. The problem is, its main allies, Iran and Russia, are pro-Assad.
As Turkey has progressively increased its involvement in the war in Syria, the Iranian leadership’s reaction has been mixed – a result of the different views within Tehran about the future direction of the relationship with Turkey. This internal debate will intensify as the possibility of establishing no-fly zones in Syria has been endorsed by the US.
The coup in Turkey failed because the plotters had no communications strategy and unclear political objectives. While another military coup seems unlikely, if President Erdogan wants to keep support internally and internationally he needs to restrict the retribution against the armed forces.
A dramatic attempt by parts of Turkey’s armed forces to wrest control of the democratically elected government ended in failure after little more than a few hours. But Turkey’s biggest political challenges are only beginning.
For over a decade, the AKP has sought to remake Turkey's foreign policy. After a series of reversals in recent years, they are staying the course - and drawing a clear distinction between Turkey and...