The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action between Iran and the P5+1 was almost universally welcomed. But can the P5+1 deliver the promised sanctions relief? Or will banks, heavily fined for breaching Iranian sanctions remain risk-averse, restricting opportunity for economic growth?
Negotiators have made commendable progress in their effort to reach a comprehensive agreement. Yet disagreements on sanctions relief, inspections and centrifuge research could still prove insurmountable.
As the conflict between Georgia and Russia unfolded in the Caucasus, the West found itself lacking any kind of meaningful riposte. In fact, the response from international bodies responsible for conflict management has been so timorous that it raises important questions regarding Europe’s collective security agreements.
With the United States confirming that Pyongyang had indeed, as it claimed, conducted an underground nuclear test on 9 October, this article analyzes the effects of the bomb on the country, region and international community.