Governments and military planners are obsessed with how much leverage adversaries can exert with coercive measures that don’t risk all-out war. But to win in the ‘grey zone’ requires being proactive, and defining its limits.
The UK is at the forefront of NATO’s efforts to secure its Baltic members. We argue Britain requires an expansive strategy that covers not just the High North, as has been touted since 2018, but incorporates a vision of a Wider North. That means viewing the security of the Baltic states in tandem with that of our Nordic allies.
To respond effectively to the threats NATO faces in its eighth decade, and to safeguard the promise of collective defence enshrined in Article 5 of the Washington Treaty, the Alliance must refocus time and resources on fighting its adversaries in the grey zone.
In this event, Richard Nephew, former Director for Iran on the National Security Staff, and Michael Lyons, Senior Associate at Clifford Chance, will examine the challenges faced in the US and in the...