The use of a coronavirus contact tracing app has not yet been demonstrated to be trustworthy, in terms of its purpose, reliability, effectiveness or potential harmfulness. Furthermore, the binary nature of its output must be addressed if trustworthiness is to be achieved.
Perhaps the greatest current cyberspace threat is cyber-enabled information operations, which strike at the narratives that underlie social cohesion. The long-term solution is education in critical thinking, but some legal changes could help blunt the effects in the short term.
The EU’s consolidated risk assessment of the cyber security of 5G networks is not just about Huawei. It highlights wider cyber security risks to 5G networks. Given the lack of market incentives to address these risks, regulation to safeguard 5G networks is becoming more likely.