As the longest war in US history rumbles on, Moscow looks at the Afghanistan conflict with interest. Allegations of Moscow’s meddling in the country, particularly its aid to the Taliban, raise questions over Russia’s geopolitical interests in Afghanistan, with the Kremlin’s mixed strategy reflecting how it is also precariously balanced.
This year marks not simply the centenary of the end of the ‘War to End all Wars’, but is also the conclusion of four years of contemplation on the conflict that changed the way in which combat was waged.
Berlin and Ankara are looking to tone down the rhetoric of their disputes. However, the bilateral relationship, the most important one Turkey has with any European country, is likely to remain troublesome.