The 70th anniversary of United Nations peacekeeping efforts is an opportunity to look back to the evolution and the sheer complexity of peacekeeping. To maximise performance, it is also a moment to reflect on how such activities should be better coordinated and planned with regional partners.
It is almost a quarter of a century since the international community intervened to stop the carnage in the former Yugoslavia. The war crime tribunals are now over, but the painful lessons of that conflict endure.
A political dispute in Japan over an alleged cover-up in a UN peacekeeping operation in South Sudan highlights a bigger regional problem with international operations that are no longer about maintaining, but more about imposing, peace.