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Project Sandstone Report 6: The Phantom Fleet: North Korea’s Smugglers in Chinese Waters

James Byrne, Joe Byrne, Gary Somerville and Hamish Macdonald
Other Publications, 5 March 2020
Project Sandstone, Proliferation and Nuclear Policy, North Korea, Global Security Issues, Proliferation and Nuclear Policy, Pacific
A large fleet of North Korean cargo ships continues to deliver coal to China in contravention of UN Security Council resolutions, in what appears to be a large-scale, coordinated effort to evade sanctions imposed on the country over its nuclear weapons and ballistic missile programmes.

The sixth in the series published under RUSI’s Project Sandstone, this report reveals a large-scale, coordinated effort to evade sanctions by North Korea. 


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James Byrne
Senior Research Fellow

James Byrne is a Senior Research Fellow at RUSI’s Proliferation and Nuclear Policy programme.

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Joe Byrne
Research Analyst

Joe Byrne is a Research Analyst at RUSI’s Proliferation and Nuclear Policy Team.

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Gary Somerville
Research Analyst

Gary Somerville is a Research Analyst at RUSI’s Proliferation and Nuclear Policy programme.

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Hamish Macdonald
Associate Fellow

Hamish Macdonald is a journalist and researcher who has focused uniquely on North Ko-rea related topics and affairs.

He was... read more

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