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Lieutenant General Christian Badia on European Military Capability Development: A Way Forward
Today, the European Union (EU) is facing a variety of challenges. In addition to internal restructuring, the enlargement of the EU or Brexit, there is a call for more European effort in the sector of security and defence as the world is facing new emerging threats. As 22 of the 28 EU member states are NATO members as well, strengthening the EU in the defence domain also directly reinforces the European pillar of NATO.
From the Cold War through the ‘out of area’ phase to refocusing on ‘collective defence’, the EU has evolved into a union, but still consists of independent, sovereign states with their own national interests and procedures – especially in the fields of weapon systems and procurement. This generates strong challenges for the overall military capability development of the EU and shows the need for more efficiency to meet future threats.
Unlike NATO, whose defence planning process leads to a binding apportionment of targets, the EU is looking for cooperation opportunities as well as civilian capabilities to overcome capability shortfalls and duplications within Europe. A major key to success in this respect is improved strategic EU military capability planning, which Germany strives for.
Against a backdrop of the historical development and characteristics of the EU, Lieutenant General Badia discussed the commonalities between NATO and the EU and how to further strengthen the European pillar of NATO in terms of military capability development.
Lieutenant General Christian Badia has been Director-General for Strategic Defence Planning in the German Federal Ministry of Defence since 1 October 2018. After officer training, he joined the German Air Force in 1984. During a distinguished career spanning more than 35 years, he has occupied a number of top positions, including: Head of Strategic Defence Planning and Concepts Division in the German Federal Ministry of Defence from 2013 to 2014 and Commander, European Air Transport Command from 2014 to 2017. Prior to taking up his current appointment, he served as Director-General of the German Military Aviation Authority from 2017 to 2018.
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